The statue of the Van Eyck brothers

The monument is built in honor of the brothers Hubert and Jan Van Eyck, the painters of the Lamb of God in the Saint Bavo Cathedral in Ghent. They are also known as the inventors of oil painting. The monument was solemnly unveiled by King Albert on August 9, 1913. The architect of the artwork is Valentin Vaerwyck. The images are made by Geo Verbanck.

Picture by Pixabay

The monument was built on the occasion of the World Exhibition that took place in Ghent in 1913. It is a tribute to the painters. Men, women and children bring flowers, wreaths and garlands. Hubert, the eldest of the 2 brothers, leafs through the Bible and his painter's palette and brushes lie at his feet. Jan looks ahead and holds his palette of paints in his hand. Rgey sit on a throne in the typical costumes of their time, which suggests the renaissance of Flemish art.

The two painters of the Lamb of God sit with their backs to the Vijdkapel of the cathedral, where the painting originally hung.

The castle of Petegem

The Castle was built in 1847 by architect Fran├žois Coppens from Brussels. It is located in a large park with a pond and built in a neoclassical and neo-Renaissance style on behalf of Baron August Pycke de Peteghem, allegedly with funds from the legacy of Clemmen. Clemmen de Peteghem was an important industrial family from Ghent. The surrounding domain is in 1980 partly laid out as a golf course for the "Golf and Country Club" with another expansions in early 1990.

Picture by Pixabay
On the domain you can also find the ruins of one of the oldest castles in Flanders. You can find the castle, its park and golf courses at this address: Kortrijkstraat 52, Wortegem-Petegem.

Ambiorix the king who revolted against the Romans

Ambiorix was king of the Eburones, a Gallic tribe that lived between Meuse and Rhine. Today that area covers most of Belgium, Luxembourg and the south of the Netherlands. In 57 BC Caesar freed them from the Atuatukers. But later, after a failed grain harvest in 54 BC. there was tension between the Eburones and their Roman 'liberators'. Caesar had murdered the Celtic leader Dumnorix. The Treviri, a tribe from the Moselle valley, was ready for a large-scale Gallic uprising against the Roman empire. They wanted to use Ambiorix as a distraction.

Picture wikipedia

One night the Eburon king attacked the Roman winter quarter of the 14th legion. That attack failed, at least, it seemed like that. But it actually fitted in the distraction plan. The camp commanders, Cotta and Sabinus, asked Ambiorix what inspired him. Why did he attack them? They were friends after all? By the way, what could he do with his limited troops against the Roman superiority? Ambiorix cleverly replied that he could not but attack, because he felt obliged to cooperate with the Gallic plan for a major offensive. The officers thanked Ambiorix for the warning and the other Roman garrisons in the neighborhood were warned about the upcoming revolt. They broke up their tents and left. En route, in a narrow valley, Ambiorix lured them into a trap. He attacked, and his guerrilla techniques gave the Romans the greatest defeat in the entire 'Bello Gallico', the Gallic War.

Afterwards, Ambiorix and his Eburones together with the Nervians, the Atuatukers and the Menapians attacked another Roman garrison in the Meuse valley. Julius Caesar wanted revenge against the 'Belgae', as he called the Celtic tribes in North Gaul. The revenge of Caesar was extremely bloody. Some historians compare it with a genocide. The country was destroyed, men were killed, women and children were taken away as slaves. One of the few warriors who escaped the strangulation was Ambiorix. He crossed the Rhine and sought a safe shelter with the Germans.

Picture by Pixabay

Ambiorix 'statue has been standing on the Grote Markt in Tongeren since 1866, it the oldest city in Belgium. Also the Belgian Gallo-Roman museum is located there.